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Tiang & Topi & Tsessebe

Topi female  Topi Topi
Tiang group    

Damaliscus lunatus (Burchall, 1824)

 

French: Damalisque, Hirola, Korrigum, Sassaby, Topi
German: Leierantilope, Topi
Swahili: Nyamera, Topi


Regional endemic subspecies

Damaliscus lunatus spp. tiang (Tiang)
Damaliscus lunatus spp. topi (Costal Topi)

Groves C & Grubb P (2011) and Wilson D E & Mittermeier R A (2011) consider these two subspecies as full species of the genus Damaliscus.


Description

Total length: 1.50 - 2.30 m
Tail length: 36 - 42 cm
Shoulder height: 1.20 m
Weight (m): 120-160 kg, (f) 75-150 kg
Gestation: ~ 240 days

This hartebeest-like species has shoulders being higher than the rump. The long faces carries a dark blaze. The body color varies from yellowish to purplish brown. Horns are present in both sexes.


Distribution

D. lunatus tiang: Ethioipa, Sudan
D. lunatus topi: Somalia?


Ecology

This antelope prefers open savanna woodlands and seasonally flooded grasslands. It lives in larger, mobile herds to reduce predation. There are also residential animals which defend their territories. The new born calf lies up for a few days before joining its mother.


Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Category, ver 3.1:

Trend: Decreasing
It occurs eithin the area in Dinder N.P. in Sudan, Omo N.P. and Mago N.P. in Ehtiopia.No recent informations on its status in Somalia.

 

Ex situ programs/Collection plans:

EAZA RCP status:

  • ??

AZA RCP status:

  • ??


Recommendations

No specific recommendations for the populations in this region.


Literature

Dorst J & Dandelot P (1970): Larger Mammals of Africa, Collins Field Guide, London.

East R (1999): African Antelope Databese 1998. IUCN/SSC Antelope Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Haltenorth T & Diller H (1977): Saeugetiere Afrikas und Madagaskars, BLV Verlagsgesellschaft, Muenchen. 

Kingdon J (1997): The Kingdon Field Guide To African Mammals, Academic Press, San Diego.

Stuart C & Stuart T (2000): Field guide to larger mammals of Africa. Struik Publishers, Cape Town.

Wilson DE & Reeder DM (2005): Mammal species of the world. A taxonomic and geographic reference. Third Ed., Vol. 1 The John Hopkins University Press, Balitmore.

 

Links

http://www.ultimateungulate.com/Artiodactyla/Damaliscus_lunatus.html

http://www.arkive.org/topi/damaliscus-lunatus/


 

Tiang

Damaliscus lunatus tiang (Heuglin, 1863)

F: Damalisque
G: Leierantilope

Groves C & Grubb P (2011) and Wilson D E & Mittermeier R A (2011) consider this subspecies as full species of the genus Damaliscus.


Other relevant subspecies

D. l. topi


Description

Total length: 1.50 - 2.30 m
Tail length: 36 - 42 cm
Shoulder height: 1.20 m
Weight: (m) 120-160 kg, (f) 75-150 kg
Gestation: ~ 240 days


Distribution

Ethioipa, Sudan


Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Category, ver 3.1:

Trend: Stable


Recommendations
None.


 

Topi

Topi female  Topi Topi

Damaliscus lunatus topi (Blaine, 1914)

F: Damalisque
G: Leierantilope


Other relevant subspecies

D. l. tiang


Description

Total length: 1.50 - 2.30 m
Tail length: 36 - 42 cm
Shoulder height: 1.20 m
Weight: (m) 120-160 kg, (f) 75-150 kg
Gestation: ~ 240 days


Distribution

Somalia (?)


Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Category, ver 3.1:

Trend:  Decreasing


Recommendations

None.

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