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 Red-fronted gazelle; Korin

Male  Group  Juvenile 
     

Eudorcas [Gazella] rufifrons (Gray, 1846)
French: La Gazelle à front roux; La Gazelle Corinne
German: Rotstirngazelle

Endemic subspecies
Eudorcas rufifrons tilonura (Heuglin, 1868) Heuglin's or Eritrean gazelle

Description
Total length: 80 - 120 cm
Tail length: 15 - 27 cm
Shoulder height: 55 - 82 cm
Weight: (f) 15 - 25 kg, (m) 20 - 35 kg
Gestation: 184 - 189 days

A compact little gazelle with a warm reddish back and white underparts separated by a black flank band. It is the only Sahalian gazelle with such a stripe. The white buttocks have black marginal stripes and the colour on the back extends to the root of the all-black tail. The face is boldly striped (with much individual variation) and the ears are of moderate length and narrow. The mildly undulation horns have numerous sharp annulations. The horns of the ram are short, stout and distinctly ringed but only slightly curved. In females the horns are straighter and more slender.

Distribution
E. r. tilonura: Eritrea, Ethiopia?, Sudan?

Ecology
It inhabits light woodland and open arid country. The Red-fronted gazelle lives singly, in parties, or in small family parties of three to six individuals. They feed on grasses and browse on various shrubs and acacia.

Conservation Status
Once widespread throughout their range, Red-fronted gazelles now occur in fragmented and declining patches but are still locally common at deuced densities. In some areas their status is unchanged.

IUCN Red List Category, ver 3.1:

- http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/8973/0 

Trend:
There are no current data available for many regions.


European Collection Plan (2003): ...
RCP status: monitor at TAG level

Recommendations
The extension of effective protection and management to additional populations besides those in areas such as Dinder N.P. in Sudan is necessary. Development and implementation of land use plans which allow for the needs of wildlife outside protected areas in countries such as Chad and Sudan would also be of major benefit to many of the remaining populations of this species. A limited number of Red-fronted Gazelles are maintained in captivity, but without formal breeding programmes.

Literature
Dorst J & Dandelot P (1970): Larger Mammals of Africa, Collins Field Guide, London.
East R (1999): African Antelope Databese 1998. IUCN/SSC Antelope Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
Haltenorth T & Diller H (1977): Saeugetiere Afrikas und Madagaskars, BLV Verlagsgesellschaft, Muenchen. 
Hashim IM (1996): Sudan. IUCN-ASG Antelope Survey Update, Dez 1996, 3: 34-41.
Kingdon J (1997): The Kingdon Field Guide To African Mammals, Academic Press, San Diego.
Wilson DE & Reeder DM (2005): Mammal species of the world. A taxonomic and geographic reference. Third Ed., Vol. 1 The John Hopkins University Press, Balitmore.

 

Links

- http://www.saharaconservation.org/spip.php?page=wildlife_fiche&id_article=123
- http://www.ultimateungulate.com/Artiodactyla/Eudorcas_rufifrons.html
- http://awwp.alwabra.com/index.php/content/view/1341/34/
- http://www.gisbau.uniroma1.it/amd/amd168b.html


 

Heuglin's or Eritrean gazelle

Eudorcas rufifrons tilonura (Heuglin, 1869)

Description
Total length: 80 - 120 cm
Tail length: 15 - 27 cm
Shoulder height: 55 - 82 cm
Weight: (f) 15 - 25 kg, (m) 20 - 35 kg
Gestation: 184 - 189 days

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Category, ver 3.1:

- http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/8991/0

Trend:
The available information on this species’ numbers is based mainly on informed guesses. East (1999) produced an estimated 3,500-4,000 Heuglin’s Gazelles. Heuglin's Gazelle is protected in Dinder N.P. in Sudan, but East (1999) noted that it does not receive effective protection here, as the sites that it prefers are utilized intensively by camel herders who trespass into the park in the dry season and destroy the gazelle’s favourite shade trees to feed their camels and goats.

Recommendations
None.

Red-fronted gazelle details ... (http://www.neaasg.org/index.php?id=312)

Literature
East R (1999): African Antelope Databese 1998. IUCN/SSC Antelope Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

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