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Roan antilope

Hippotragus equinus (E. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1803)
French: Rouanne; Hippotrague
German: Pferdeantilope
Swahili: Korongo

Subspecies
none

Description
Total length: 1.90 - 2.40 m
Tail length: 37 - 48 cm
Shoulder height: 1.10 - 1.50 m
Weight: (m) 242-300 kg, (f) 223-280 kg
Gestation: ~ 280 days

This very tall and powerful species has a horse-like appearance with a dark-tipped mane. The face is marked by a black and white, clown-like mask. Both sexes carry back-curved horns.

Distribution
Ethiopia, Sudan, (Eritrea: former distribution)

Ecology
Roan prefers open wooded grassland. Unlike beisa oryx, they drink regularly. Small herds are led by an adult bull, but it is one cow which selects feeding and resting locations. Most activity takes place during the day.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Category, ver 3.1:

- http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/10167/0

Trend:
Formerly occured widely in southern Sudan and along the Ethiopia border in the east. It has disappeared from most of the northerly parts of its range, e.g. Radom N.P., but a viable population still survives in Dinder N.P. in the east. It survives in southern Sudan in scattered localities in the southwest and southeast, but probably in greatly reduced numbers. In Ethiopia no recent informations are available, apart from its continued presence in Gambella N.P..


European Collection Plan (2003): ...
RCP status: EEP, Klaus Brunsing, Hannover, established 1998

Recommendations
None.

Literature
Dorst J & Dandelot P (1970): Larger Mammals of Africa, Collins Field Guide, London.
East R (1999): African Antelope Databese 1998. IUCN/SSC Antelope Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
Haltenorth T & Diller H (1977): Saeugetiere Afrikas und Madagaskars, BLV Verlagsgesellschaft, Muenchen. 
Kingdon J (1997): The Kingdon Field Guide To African Mammals, Academic Press, San Diego.
Wilson DE & Reeder DM (2005): Mammal species of the world. A taxonomic and geographic reference. Third Ed., Vol. 1 The John Hopkins University Press, Balitmore.

 

Links

- http://www.ultimateungulate.com/Artiodactyla/Hippotragus_equinus.html
- http://www.arkive.org/roan-antelope/hippotragus-equinus/
- http://www.zoodirektoren.de/staticsite/staticsite.php?menuid=314&topmenu=163&keepmenu=inactive
- http://www.gisbau.uniroma1.it/amd/amd172b.html

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