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Salt's dikdik

Madoqua saltiana (de Blainville, 1816)
French: Dikd-Dik de Salt
German: Eritrea-Dikdik

Endemic subspecies
Madoqua saltiana saltiana Eritrea dikdik
Madoqua saltiana phillipsi Phillips's dikdik
Madoqua saltiana lawrenci
Madoqua saltiana hararensis
Questionable taxononic status of Madoqua [saltiana] swaynei

Description
Total length: 52 - 67 cm
Tail length: 3 - 4 cm
Shoulder height: 33 - 40,5 cm
Weight: 2,5 - 4 kg
Gestation: 169 - 174 days

This small antelope has a short, squared-off, furry nose. The short male horns are up to 9 cm long and spike-like.
M. s. saltiana: mostly grey, reddish grey back, legs pale reddish.
M. s. phillipsi: reddish grey back, russet orange flanks shoulders and lower thigh; no clear line between flanks and back.
M. s. lawrenci: silver grey back, russet flanks, shoulders and lower thigh, with a clear line between colors.
M. s. hararensis: gingery to reddish back, flanks and thigh; no clear line between flanks and back.

Distribution
M. s. saltiana: Djibouti, Eritrea, NE Ethiopia
M. s. phillipsi: Gulf coast, N Somalia, Ogaden (Ethiopia)
M. s. lawrencei: Obbia coast, Nogal (NE Somalia)
M. s. hararensis: Harerge, Ogaden (N, NE Ethiopia)

Ecology
Evergreen and semi-deciduous bushlands and thickets in the Horn of Africa. Predominantly a nocturnal and crepuscular species, lying up in dense shade during the day. Predation must be the main factor suppressing bright colours in the western part of their range. Colours appear to correspond with colour-coding for aggressive and submissive gestures. Subordinates (of both sexes) lower their forquarters and expose their greyer backs. Dominant animals flare their red or yellow crests and strut in high-stepping, side-on displays of the red or yellow limbs and flanks. Very common to occur in pairs or small family groups.

Conservation Status
Numbers have decreased in densely settled areas but are otherwise probably little changed. Not endangered overall.

IUCN Red List Category, ver 3.1:

- http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/12668/0

Trend:
There is no current data available for many regions. It occurs in a few protected areas like Awash and Yangudi Rassa N.P. in Ethiopia. In Representatives of the Salt’s dikdik family are rather common over many parts of surveyed areas in the Ogaden. However, the taxonomic status of different phaenotypes remains unclear.


European Collection Plan (2003): ...
RCP status: ...

Recommendations
None.

Literature
Dorst J & Dandelot P (1970): Larger Mammals of Africa, Collins Field Guide, London.
East R (1999): African Antelope Databese 1998. IUCN/SSC Antelope Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
Haltenorth T & Diller H (1977): Saeugetiere Afrikas und Madagaskars, BLV Verlagsgesellschaft, Muenchen. 
Hammer C (2009): Phillips Dikdiks (Madoqua saltiana phillipsi) in der Al Wabra Wildlife Preservation (AWWP)/Katar. Der Zoologische Garten, 78: 265-281.
Kingdon J (1997): The Kingdon Field Guide To African Mammals, Academic Press, San Diego.
Künzel T, Künzel S & Rayaleh HA (2001): Djibouti. IUCN-ASG Antelope Survey Update, Feb 2001, 8: 23-28.
Wilhelmi F, Kaariye XY, Hammer S, Hammer C & Heckel J-O (2006): ON THE STATUS OF WILD UNGULATES IN THE OGADEN REGION OF ETHIOPIA. Proceedings of the seventh annual SSIG meeting, 43-62.
Wilson DE & Reeder DM (2005): Mammal species of the world. A taxonomic and geographic reference. Third Ed., Vol. 1 The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.

 

Links

- http://www.gisbau.uniroma1.it/amd/amd181b.html


 

Harar dikdik

Madoqua saltiana hararensis Neumann, 1905
F:
G:

Other endemic subspecies
Madoqua saltiana saltiana
Madoqua saltiana phillipsi
Madoqua saltiana lawrenci

Description
Total length: 52 - 67 cm
Tail length: 3 - 4 cm
Shoulder height: 33 - 40,5 cm
Weight: 2,5 - 4 kg
Gestation: ?

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Category, ver 3.1:

- http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/12668/0

Trend: ?

Recommendations
None.

Salt's dikdik details ... (http://www.neaasg.org/index.php?id=286)


 

Salt's dikdik

Madoqua saltiana lawrenci (Drake-Brockman, 1926)
F:
G:

Other endemic subspecies
Madoqua saltiana saltiana
Madoqua saltiana phillipsi
Madoqua saltiana hararensis

Description
Total length: 52 - 67 cm
Tail length: 3 - 4 cm
Shoulder height: 33 - 40,5 cm
Weight: 2,5 - 4 kg
Gestation: ?

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Category, ver 3.1:

- http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/12668/0

Trend: ?

Recommendations
None.

Salt's dikdik details ... (http://www.neaasg.org/index.php?id=286)


 

Phillips's dikdik

Madoqua saltiana phillipsi (Thomas 1894)
F: Le Dik-Dik de Phillips
G: Rotbauchdikdik

Other endemic subspecies
Madoqua saltiana saltiana
Madoqua saltiana lawrenci
Madoqua saltiana hararensis

Description
Total length: 52 - 67 cm
Tail length: 3 - 4 cm
Shoulder height: 33 - 40,5 cm
Weight: 2,5 - 4 kg
Gestation: ?

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Category, ver 3.1:

- http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/12668/0

Trend: ?

Recommendations
None.

Salt's dikdik details ... (http://www.neaasg.org/index.php?id=286)

Literature
Hammer C (2009): Phillips Dikdiks (Madoqua saltiana phillipsi) in der Al Wabra Wildlife Preservation (AWWP)/Katar. Der Zoologischer Garten, 78: 265-281.

 

Links

- http://awwp.alwabra.com/index.php/content/view/13/34/


 

Eritrea dikdik

Madoqua saltiana saltiana (de Blainville, 1816)
F:
G: Eritrea-Dikdik

Other endemic subspecies
Madoqua saltiana phillipsi
Madoqua saltiana lawrenci
Madoqua saltiana hararensis

Description
Total length: 52 - 67 cm
Tail length: 3 - 4 cm
Shoulder height: 33 - 40,5 cm
Weight: 2,5 - 4 kg
Gestation: ?

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Category, ver 3.1:

- http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/12668/0

Trend: ?
The status of the Salt‟s dikdik is secure in Djibouti. However, its density appears to be much lower in comparison to other countries (i.e. Ethiopia) and in areas with human impact its numbers are locally decreasing.

Salt's dikdik details ... (http://www.neaasg.org/index.php?id=286)

Literatur
Heckel J-O & Rayaleh HA (2008): Status of wild ungulates in Djibouti. Report in Woodfine T & Wacher T: Ninth Annual Sahelo-Saharan Interest Group meeting, 19-24.

Künzel T et al. (2001): Status Survey on Djibouti Wildlife. Gnusletter, 1: 19-23.
Laurent A & Laurent D (2002): Djibouti - Les mammifères d'híer à aujrd'hui por demain. Ed. BEIRA. CFP. Toulouse.

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