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Dama gazelle

N. dama ruficollis, male N. dama ruficollis, female N. dama ruficollis, juvenile
   N. dama ruficollis, herd  

Nanger [Gazella] dama Pallas, 1766
French: Gazelle de Dama
Spanish: Gacela Dama
German: Damagazelle
Arabic: Ariel, Ril

Subspecies
Nanger dama ruficollis C.H. Smith, 1827

Description
Total length: 1.40 - 1.65 m
Tail length: 25 - 35 cm
Shoulder height: 90 - 120 cm
Weight: 40 - 75 kg
Gestation: ~ 198 days

The easterly subspecies ruficollis (Nubian red-necked gazelle) of the largest of all gazelles has only rufous in the shoulder region and on the neck. A white throat spot is distinctive for this race. Both sexes carry short horns.

Distribution
N. dama ruficollis: Sahara west of the Nile in Sudan and Chad.

Ecology
The species is adapted to dry habitat with sparse vegetation. They form nomadic herds of up to 15 individuals, but solitary animals are not unusual. Their seasonal movements are caused by their need for moisture.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Category, ver 3.1:

- http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/8968/0

Trend:
Listed on CMS Appendix I, and included in the CMS Sahelo-Saharan Antelopes Action Plan. Dama Gazelle are present in captivity, but the number of founders is limited.


European Collection Plan (2003): ...
RCP status: EEP, Gerardo Espeso Pajares, Almeria, established 1990

CITES:
Appendix I

Recommendations
An reintroduction programme is underway.

Literature
Bedeuls RC, Devillers P, Lafontaine R-M, Devillers-Terschuren J & Beudels M-O (Editors) (2006): Sahelo-Saharan Antelopes. Status and Perspectives. Report on the conservation status of the six Sahelo-Saharan Antelopes. CMS SSA Concerted Action. 2nd edition. CMS Technical Series Publication No. 11, UNEP/CMS Secretariat, Bonn.
Dorst J & Dandelot P (1970): Larger Mammals of Africa, Collins Field Guide, London.
Haltenorth T & Diller H (1997): Saeugetiere Afrikas und Madagaskars, BLV Verlagsgesellschaft, Muenchen.
Kingdon J (1997): The Kingdon Field Guide To African Mammals, Academic Press, San Diego.
Wilson DE & Reeder DM (2005): Mammal species of the world - A taxonomic and geographic reference. 3rd edition, volume 1. The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.

 

Links

- http://www.saharaconservation.org/spip.php?page=wildlife_fiche&id_article=98
- http://www.ultimateungulate.com/Artiodactyla/Nanger_dama.html
- http://www.arkive.org/dama-gazelle/nanger-dama/
- http://www.gisbau.uniroma1.it/amd/amd164b.html


 

Nubian red-necked gazelle

Nanger [Gazella] dama ruficollis C.H. Smith, 1827
F:
G:

Other relevant subspecies
none

Description
Total length: 1.40 - 1.65 m
Tail length: 25 - 35 cm
Shoulder height: 90 - 120 cm
Weight: 40 - 75 kg
Gestation: ~ 198 days

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Category, ver 3.1:

- http://www.neaasg.org/index.php?id=316

Trend: ?
In Sudan  thr species is considered in danger of extinction if not extinct in the country, but precise informations on its possible survival is lacking.

Recommendations
The proposal to create a national park in the Wadi howar in the northern Darfour could offer good possibilities of conservation or recolonisation for this subspecies.

Dama gazelle details ... (http://www.neaasg.org/index.php?id=316)

Literature
Bedeuls RC, Devillers P, Lafontaine R-M, Devillers-Terschuren J & Beudels M-O (Editors) (2006): Sahelo-Saharan Antelopes. Status and Perspectives. Report on the conservation status of the six Sahelo-Saharan Antelopes. CMS SSA Concerted Action. 2nd edition. CMS Technical Series Publication No. 11, UNEP/CMS Secretariat, Bonn.

 

Links

- http://awwp.alwabra.com/index.php/content/view/181/34/

 

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