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Klipspringer

Oreotragus oreotragus (Zimmermann, 1783)
French: L'Oréotrague
German: Klippspringer
Swahili: Ngurunguru, Mbuzi mawe

Endemic subspecies
Oreotragus oreotragus somalicus
Oreotragus oreotragus saltatrixoides

Description
Total length: 75 - 115 cm
Tail length: 6,5 - 10,5 cm
Shoulder height: 43 - 60 cm
Weight: 8 - 18 kg
Gestation: ~ 7 months

This small species is perfectly adapted to varying temperatures. They have large eyes and ears. The horns which are only present in the males are upright and parallel to each other. Its pepper-and-salt slight olive coloured fur is thick and tough. Short tailed. The Klipspringer treads with the top of its tip of the toe.

Distribution
O. o. somalicus: N Somalia, Djibouti
O. o. saltatrixoides: Ethiopia, Eritrea

Ecology
Mostly occuring along steep, rocky hillsides, escarpments (up to 4.500 m) or valleys open screes of loose pebbles or cinders centred on Ethiopia (the most likely centre for their evolution). They are often seen to stand on hill tops observing their territory. They have great climbing and jumping abilities. In laying on the ground it stretches its legs parallel to the front, like a goat. Klipspringers live in small groups or pairs and monogamous. Animals can withstand day/night temperature fluctuations swinging from 42°C in the shade to freezing temperatures. This ability is clearly due to the insulation effect of their hollow shafted fur. They commonly browse on herbs, succulents and leaves of shrubs. Rarly the feed on grasses or drink. Their call is an abrupt little snort.

Conservation Status
Outlying populations are rare or endangered. Nonetheless, they remain widespread and locally common. Not endangered.

IUCN Red List Category, ver 3.1:

- http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/15485/0

Trend:
Probably stable over much of its NE African range. The ex situ population is bigger than 10 years ago, but breeding has almost ceased. About one-quarter of the population occurs in protected areas, including: Simien and Bale Mountains and occurs in smaller numbers in other parks and reserves which have less extensive rocky habitat, e.g. Awash, Nechisar, Omo and Mago N.P.s and Yabelo Wildlife Sanctuary. No recent informations on its status in Sudan and Somalia.

European Collection Plan (2003): ...
RCP status: monitor, Christian Schmidt, Frankfurt Zoo

Recommendations
None.

Literatur
Dorst J & Dandelot P (1970): Larger Mammals of Africa, Collins Field Guide, London.
East R (1999): African Antelope Databese 1998. IUCN/SSC Antelope Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
Haltenorth T & Diller H (1977): Saeugetiere Afrikas und Madagaskars, BLV Verlagsgesellschaft, Muenchen. 
Kingdon J (1997): The Kingdon Field Guide To African Mammals, Academic Press, San Diego.
Künzel T et al. (2001): Status Survey on Djibouti Wildlife. Gnusletter, 1: 19-23.
Künzel T, Künzel S & Rayaleh HA (23-28): Djibouti. IUCN-ASG Antelope Survey Update, Feb 2001, 8: 23-28.
Laurent A & Laurent D (2002): Djibouti - Les mammifères d'híer à aujrd'hui por demain. Ed. BEIRA. CFP. Toulouse.
Roberst SC & Dunbar RIM (2000): Female territoriality and the function of scent-marking in a monogamous antelope (Oreotragus oreotragus). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 47: 417-423.
Schloeder C et al (1997): Ethiopia. IUCN-ASG Antelope Survey Update, Sep 1997, 6: 23-49.
Stuart C & Stuart T (2000): Field guide to larger mammals of Africa. Struik Publishers, Cape Town.
Wilson DE & Reeder DM (2005): Mammal species of the world. A taxonomic and geographic reference. Third Ed., Vol. 1 The John Hopkins University Press, Balitmore.

 

Links

- http://www.arkive.org/klipspringer/oreotragus-oreotragus/


 

Klipspringer

Oreotragus oreotragus saltatrixoides (Wagner, 1855)
F:
G:

Other endemic subspecies
Oreotragus oreotragus somalicus

Description
Total length: 75 - 115 cm
Tail length: 6,5 - 10,5 cm
Shoulder height: 43 - 60 cm
Weight: 8 - 18 kg
Gestation: ~ 7 months

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Category, ver 3.1:

- http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/15485/0

Trend: ?

Recommendations
None.

Klipspringer details ... (http://www.neaasg.org/index.php?id=279)


 

Klipspringer

Oreotragus oreotragus somalicus (Neumann, 1902)
F:
G:

Other endemic subspecies
Oreotragus oreotragus saltatrixoides

Description
Total length: 75 - 115 cm
Tail length: 6,5 - 10,5 cm
Shoulder height: 43 - 60 cm
Weight: 8 - 18 kg
Gestation: ~ 7 months

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Category, ver 3.1:

- http://www.neaasg.org/index.php?id=282

Trend: ?
The klipspringer population in Djibouti seems to be stable but not very numerous. It is manly threatened by habitat destruction and competition with livestock.

Recommendations
None.

Klipspringer details ... (http://www.neaasg.org/index.php?id=279)

Literature
Heckel J-O & Rayaleh HA (2008): Status of wild ungulates in Djibouti. Report in Woodfine T & Wacher T: Ninth Annual Sahelo-Saharan Interest Group meeting, 19-24.

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