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Scimitar-horned oryx

Oryx dammah (Cretzschmar, 1827)
French: Oryx algazelle
German: Säbelantilope
Arabic: Wach, Begar al Ouach

Subspecies
none

Description
Total length: 1.90 - 2.20 cm
Tail length: 45 - 60 cm
Shoulder height: 1.10 - 1.25 cm
Weight: 135 - 140 kg
Gestation: 252 - 256

The white body color is interrupted by brownish hair on neck and chest. The white face has a brown blaze. Their highly visible color may help "lost" individuals to regain contact with the group.Unlike other oryx, it has vestigial preorbital glands. Both sexes carry long horns.

Distribution
The Scimitar-horned oryx formerly occurred in Sudan.

Ecology
This species is now extinct in the wild. Formerly it inhabits semi-desert grassland in nomadic herds of up to 40 animals. No territories are defended. They are independent of drinking water.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Category, ver 3.1:

- http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/15568/0

Trend:
The Scimitar-horned oryx became xtinct in Sudan in the 1970s. The Scimitar-horned Oryx is listed on CMS Appendix 1. A global captive breeding programme was initiated in the 1960s. In 2005 there were at least 1,550 captive animals held in managed breeding programmes around the world. In addition, a large number, probably >4,000 are kept in a private collection in the United Arab Emirates. Additional animals are likely held on private game ranches in the USA.

European Collection Plan (2003): ...
RCP status: EEP, Tania Gilbert, Marwell, established 1991

CITES:
Appendix I

Recommendations
The proposed Wadi Howar N. p. in Darfur offer possibilities of reintroductions for the Oryx. The conservation status of the steppes and associated woodlands in Sudan suggests that important habitat restoration programmes would be necessary. Efficient control of poaching pressure in large protected areas might however be very difficult to implement.

Literature
Bedeuls RC, Devillers P, Lafontaine R-M, Devillers-Terschuren J & Beudels M-O (Editors) (2006): Sahelo-Saharan Antelopes. Status and Perspectives. Report on the conservation status of the six Sahelo-Saharan Antelopes. CMS SSA Concerted Action. 2nd edition. CMS Technical Series Publication No. 11, UNEP/CMS Secretariat, Bonn.
Dorst J & Dandelot P (1970): Larger Mammals of Africa, Collins Field Guide, London.
Haltenorth T & Diller H (1997): Saeugetiere Afrikas und Madagaskars, BLV Verlagsgesellschaft, Muenchen.
Kingdon J (1997): The Kingdon Field Guide To African Mammals, Academic Press, San Diego.
MacKenzie PZ (1954): Catalogue of wild mammals of the Sudan occurring in the natural orders Artciodactyla and Perissodactyla. Sudan Museum (Natural History) publication N0. 4, Khartoum.
Newby JE (1982): Action plan for the Sahelo-Saharan fauna of Africa. WWF/IUCN, Gland.
Wilson DE & Reeder DM (2005): Mammal species of the world - A taxonomic and geographic reference. 3rd edition, volume 1. The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.

 

Links

- http://www.saharaconservation.org/spip.php?page=wildlife_fiche&id_article=97
- http://www.ultimateungulate.com/Artiodactyla/Oryx_dammah.html
- http://www.arkive.org/scimitar-horned-oryx/oryx-dammah/
- http://www.zoodirektoren.de/staticsite/staticsite.php?menuid=314&topmenu=163&keepmenu=inactive
- http://www.gisbau.uniroma1.it/amd/amd340b.html

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