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Common eland

Taurotragus [Tragelaphus] oryx (Pallas, 1766)
French: Éland du Cap
German: Elanantilope
Swahili: Pofu

Subspecies
none

Description
Total length: (m) 240-345 cm, (f) 200-280 cm
Tail length: 50 - 90 cm
Shoulder height: (m) 135-178 cm, (f) 125-160 cm
Weight: (m) 400-940 kg, (f) 300-600 kg
Gestation: ~ 9 months

It is the largest antelope along with the giant eland. A short dark mane runs down the back of the neck. Bulls develop a large pendulous dewlap on the throat. The overall body color is fawny to tawny. There are spiralled horns in both sexes.

Distribution
Ethiopia, Sudan?

Ecology
Common eland prefer savanna and open bushland. They form largerd migratory herds in the wet season and smaller groups during the drier seasons. The principle of "rank by age and size" remains typical of all ages of elands and both sexes. Calves grow rapidly: they can reach their adult weight of 450 kg at the end of the first year.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Category, ver 3.1:

- http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/22055/0

Trend:

European Collection Plan (2003): ...
RCP status: ...

Recommendations
None.

Literature
Dorst J & Dandelot P (1970): Larger Mammals of Africa, Collins Field Guide, London.
East R (1999): African Antelope Databese 1998. IUCN/SSC Antelope Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
Haltenorth T & Diller H (1977): Saeugetiere Afrikas und Madagaskars, BLV Verlagsgesellschaft, Muenchen. 
Kingdon J (1997): The Kingdon Field Guide To African Mammals, Academic Press, San Diego.
Wilson DE & Reeder DM (2005): Mammal species of the world. A taxonomic and geographic reference. Third Ed., Vol. 1 The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.

 

Links

- http://www.ultimateungulate.com/Artiodactyla/Taurotragus_oryx.html
- http://www.arkive.org/common-eland/tragelaphus-oryx/
- http://www.zoodirektoren.de/staticsite/staticsite.php?menuid=312&topmenu=163&keepmenu=inactive
- http://www.gisbau.uniroma1.it/amd/amd222b.html

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