Drucken


Bongo

Tragelaphus eurycerus (Ogilby, 1837)
French: Bongo
German: Bongo
Swahili: Bongo, Ndongoro

Subspecies
T. e. eurycerus Gray, 1850

Description
Total length: 2.50 - 2.60 m
Tail length: 25 - 28 cm
Shoulder height: 1.25 m
Weight: (m) 300 kg, (f) 240 kg
Gestation: 9 months

The stocky chestnut-red bongo sticks out with several vertical white stripes. A striped crest extends from the shoulders to the backside. There are also two distinct white spots on the side of the face. In constrast to other antelopes, both males and females carry shallowly spiralled horns. In spite of the conspicuous appearance, the bongo is perfectly camouflaged when within its forested habitat.

Distribution
T. e. eurycerus is distributed in the lowland and highland forests in SW Sudan.

Ecology
Besides the dense forests, they also live in extensive bamboo thickets fringed by forest and they are more adaptable than it is believed. There is little known about the species, but bulls are said to live solitary, while cows and their youngs form nursery herds. In spite of the large horns, territorial behaviour and direct combat are nearly absent. Their diets reach from plants, creepers, tree foliage to fungi. They use saltlicks like many other forest ungulates. Bongos seem to be mainly nocturnal in south-west Sudan.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Category, ver 3.1:

- http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/22047/0

Trend:

European Collection Plan: ...
RCP status: ...

Recommendations
None.

Literature
Dorst J & Dandelot P (1970): Larger Mammals of Africa, Collins Field Guide, London.
East R (1999): African Antelope Database 1998. IUCN/SSC Antelope Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
Haltenorth T & Diller H (1997): Saeugetiere Afrikas und Madagaskars, BLV Verlagsgesellschaft, Muenchen.
Hillman JC (1986): Aspects of the Biology of the Bongo Antelope Tragelaphus eurycerus Ogilby 1837 in south west Sudan. Biological Conservation 38: 255-272.
Kingdon J (1997): The Kingdon Field Guide To African Mammals, Academic Press, San Diego.
Wison DE & Reeder DM (2005): Mammal species of the world. A taxonomic and geographic reference. Third Ed., Vol. 1. The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.

 

Links

- http://www.ultimateungulate.com/Artiodactyla/Tragelaphus_eurycerus.html
- http://www.arkive.org/bongo/tragelaphus-eurycerus/
- http://www.gisbau.uniroma1.it/amd/amd039b.html


 

Lowland or Western bongo

Tragelaphus eurycerus eurycerus (Gray, 1850)
French:
German:

Other relevant subspecies
none

Description
Total length: 2.50 - 2.60 m
Tail length: 25 - 28 cm
Shoulder height: 1.25 cm
Weight: (m) 300, (f) 240 kg
Gestation: 9 months

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Category, ver 3.1:

- http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/22058/0

Trend:

European Collection Plan: ...
RCP status: ...

Recommendations
None.

Bongo details ... (http://www.neaasg.org/index.php?id=255)

Supported by:
Thursday, 17th. Joomla Templates Free. (c) 2012 by Dr. Jean-Paul Martinez & Dr. Jens-Ove Heckel & Dr. Christine Thiel
Copyright 2012

©