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Greater kudu

Tragelaphus strepsiceros (Pallas, 1766)
French: Grand koudou
German: Großkudu
Swahili: Tandala

Endemic subspecies
Tragelaphus strepsiceros chora
Tragelaphus strepsiceros cottoni

Description
Total length: (f) 185 - 235 cm, (m) 195 - 245 cm
Tail length: 30 - 55 cm
Shoulder height: (f) 100 - 140 cm, (m) 122 - 150 cm
Weight: (f) 120 - 215 kg, (m) 190 - 315 kg
Gestation: 9 months

A tall dun-coloured bovine with 4-12 pale stripes on the body and spiral horns reaching a length up to 180 cm (along the curve) in males. Both sexes have a crest down the middle of the back and a mane. Males have a tessellated dewlap. Females vary in colour from sandy yellowish grey to russet, males tend to be greyer. Females are normally hornless. Both sexes have very large, rounded ears. All living forms are substantially smaller than Pleistocene Greater kudus.
Greater kudus are increasingly restricted to stony, hilly country by expanding settlement. They can survive without water if browse is sufficiently moist. Their long legs and necks allow them to browse to greater heights, exceeded only by the giraffe.

Distribution
T. s. chora: Somalia, Ethiopia, E Sudan, extinct in Djibouti?
T. s. cottoni: W Sudan

Ecology
Groups of 2-25 typically include several adult females with offspring of both sexes.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Category, ver 3.1:

- http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/22054/0

Trend:

European Collection Plan (2003): ...
RCP status: ESB, Jiri Hruby, Dvur-Kralove, establsihed 2000

Recommendations
In the northern parts of its range, key areas where some of the northern populations appear to have reasonable prospects for long-term survival include Awash N.P. in Ethiopia. It is most probably extinct in Djibouti.

Literature
Dorst J & Dandelot P (1970): Larger Mammals of Africa, Collins Field Guide, London.
East R(1999): African Antelope Databese 1998. IUCN/SSC Antelope Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
Haltenorth T & Diller H (1977): Saeugetiere Afrikas und Madagaskars, BLV Verlagsgesellschaft, Muenchen. 
Heckel J-O & Rayaleh HA (2008): Status of wild ungulates in Djibouti. Report in Woodfine T & Wacher T: Ninth Annual Sahelo-Saharan Interest Group meeting, 19-24.
Kingdon J (1997): The Kingdon Field Guide To African Mammals, Academic Press, San Diego.
Nersting LG & Arctander P (2001): Phylogeography and conservation of impala and greater kudu. Molecular Ecology, 10: 711–719.
Wilson DE & Reeder DM (2005): Mammal species of the world. A taxonomic and geographic reference. Third Ed., Vol. 1 The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.

 

Links

- http://www.ultimateungulate.com/Artiodactyla/Tragelaphus_strepsiceros.html
- http://www.arkive.org/greater-kudu/tragelaphus-strepsiceros/
- http://www.zoodirektoren.de/staticsite/staticsite.php?menuid=312&topmenu=163&keepmenu=inactive
- http://www.gisbau.uniroma1.it/amd/amd223b.html


 

Greater kudu

Tragelaphus strepsiceros chora (Cretschmar, 1826)

Other endemic subspecies
Tragelaphus strepsiceros cottoni

Description
Total length: (f) 185 - 235 cm, (m) 195 - 245 cm
Tail length: 30 - 55 cm
Shoulder height: (f) 100 - 140 cm, (m) 122 - 150 cm
Weight: (f) 120 - 215 kg, (m) 190 - 315 kg
Gestation: 9 months

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Category, ver 3.1:

- http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/22054/0 

Trend: ?
The Greater kudu still occurs in reasonable numbers in Ethiopia, but its population is decreasing even in protected areas mainly because of overhunting. It seems to occur in low but maybe viable numbers in the Ogaden. It is most probably extinct in Djibouti.

Recommendations
Some of the populations appear to have reasonable prospects for long-term survival include Awash N.P. in Ethiopia.

Greater kudu details ... (http://www.neaasg.org/index.php?id=250)

Literature
Heckel J-O & Rayaleh HA (2008): Status of wild ungulates in Djibouti. Report in Woodfine T & Wacher T: Ninth Annual Sahelo-Saharan Interest Group meeting, 19-24.
Wilhelmi F, Kaariye XY, Hammer S, Hammer C & Heckel J-O (2006): ON THE STATUS OF WILD UNGULATES IN THE OGADEN REGION OF ETHIOPIA. Proceedings of the seventh annual SSIG meeting, 43-62.


 

Greater kudu

Tragelaphus strepsiceros cottoni (Dollman and Burlace, 1928)

Other endemic subspecies
Tragelaphus strepsiceros chora

Description
Total length: (f) 185 - 235 cm, (m) 195 - 245 cm
Tail length: 30 - 55 cm
Shoulder height: (f) 100 - 140 cm, (m) 122 - 150 cm
Weight: (f) 120 - 215 kg, (m) 190 - 315 kg
Gestation: 9 months

Conservation details

IUCN Red List Category, ver 3.1:

- http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/22054/0

Trend: ?

Recommendations
None.

Greater kudu details ... (http://www.neaasg.org/index.php?id=250)

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